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Application of random-effects regression models in relapse research

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This article describes and illustrates use of random-effects regression models (RRM) in relapse research. RRM are useful in longitudinal analysis of relapse data since they allow for the presence of missing data, time-varying or invariant covariates, and subjects measured at different timepoints. Thus, RRM can deal with "unbalanced" longitudinal relapse data, where a sample of subjects are not all measured at each and every timepoint. Also, recent work has extended RRM to handle dichotomous and ordinal outcomes, which are common in relapse research. Two examples are presented from a smoking cessation study to illustrate analysis using RRM. The first illustrates use of a random-effects ordinal logistic regression model, examining longitudinal changes in smoking status, treating status as an ordinal outcome. The second example focuses on changes in motivation scores prior to and following a first relapse to smoking. This latter example illustrates how RRM can be used to examine predictors and consequences of relapse, where relapse can occur at any study timepoint.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: December 1, 1996


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