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Role of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid in altering vascular reactivity in diabetes

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Summary

1 This study examined the role of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic (20-HETE) in altering vascular function in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats.

2 The expression of CYP4A protein and the formation of 20-HETE were elevated in the kidney, but not in the renal or mesenteric vasculature, of diabetic animals. The vasoconstrictor responses to norepinephrine (NE), endothelin-1 (ET-1), and angiotensin II (Ang II) were significantly enhanced in the isolated perfused mesenteric vascular bed and renal artery segments of diabetic rats. Chronic treatment of the diabetic rats with 1-aminobenzotriazole (ABT, 50 mg kg−1 alt−1 diem) or N-hydroxy-N’-(4-butyl-2-methylphenyl) formamidine (HET0016, 2.5 mg kg−1 day−1) attenuated the responses to these vasoconstrictors in both vascular beds.

3 The synthesis of 20-HETE in renal microsomes was reduced by >80% confirming that the doses of ABT and HET0016 were sufficient to achieve system blockade. Addition of HET0016 (1 μM) in vitro also normalized the enhanced vascular responsiveness of renal and mesenteric vessels obtained from diabetic animals to NE and inhibited the formation of 20-HETE by >90% while having no effect on the formation of epoxides. Vasodilator responses to carbachol and histamine were reduced in the mesenteric vasculature, but not in renal arteries, of diabetic rats. Treatment of the diabetic animals with HET0016 improved vasodilator responses in both vascular beds. Vascular sensitivity to exogenous 20-HETE was elevated in the mesenteric bed of diabetic animals compared to controls.

4 These results suggest that 20-HETE contributes to the elevation in vascular reactivity in diabetic animals. This effect is not due to increased vascular expression of CYP4A but may be related to either enhanced agonist-induced release of substrate (arachidonic acid) by the CaMKII/Ras-GTPase system and/or elevated vascular responsiveness to 20-HETE.
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Keywords: HET0016; aminobenzotriazole; angiotensin II; arachidonic acid; cytochrome P-450; eicosanoids; endothelin; noradernaline

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait 2: Department of Physiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA

Publication date: 01 January 2009

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