Purinergic regulation of vascular tone and remodelling
1 Purinergic signalling is involved both in short-term control of vascular tone and in longer-term control of cell proliferation, migration and death involved in vascular remodelling.
2 There is dual control of vascular tone by adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP) released from perivascular nerves and by ATP released from endothelial cells in response to changes in blood flow (shear stress) and hypoxia.
3 Both ATP and its breakdown product, adenosine, regulate smooth muscle and endothelial cell proliferation.
4 These regulatory mechanisms are important in pathological conditions, including hypertension, atherosclerosis, restenosis, diabetes and vascular pain.