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Summary 1 Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) [acetylsalicylic acid (ASS), naproxen, nimesulide and piroxicam] decreased adrenaline- or dibutyryl cAMP-stimulated glycerol release in isolated adipocytes. We aimed to determine the mechanism of this NSAIDs action. 2 Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs decreased cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) activity in rat adipocyte lysates and in a commercial bovine heart PKA holoenzyme. If added before cAMP, NSAIDs impaired PKA activation by the cyclic nucleotide; however, if PKA was first activated by cAMP, NSAIDs were ineffective. NSAIDs were also ineffective against PKA catalytic subunits. 3 Consequently, NSAIDs lowered hormone-sensitive lipase translocation from cytosol to lipid storage droplets in adipocytes lysates, the critical event to promote lipolysis. 4 These results indicate that inhibition of PKA activation explains NSAIDs-induced decrease in adrenaline-stimulated lipolysis. We suggest that reproduction of such inhibition in nociceptive cells might enhance the understanding of the mechanism underlying the analgesic effects of NSAIDs.