Postjunctional modulation by muscarinic M2 receptors of responses to electrical field stimulation of rat detrusor muscle preparations
1 The aim of the present study was to examine the modulator influence of muscarinic M2 receptors on responses of rat urinary bladder detrusor muscle evoked by endogenous stimuli, i.e. by stimulation of the bladder innervation.
2 Responses were evoked by electrical field stimulation (EFS; 2–20 Hz, 0.8 ms, 60 V) of isolated strip preparations mounted in organ baths. The tension of the muscle strips was recorded digitally. EFS was performed by applying stimulation with either a short duration (5 s) or a longer duration (to reach peak response; approximately 20 s).
3 Effects of muscarinic receptor antagonists (muscarinic M1/M3 receptor selective: 4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methylpiperidine methobromide (4-DAMP); muscarinic M2 receptor selective: methoctramine), a β-adrenergic antagonist (propranolol) and an adenosine receptor antagonist (8-p-sulfophenyltheophylline) were assessed on contractile activity and on poststimulatory relaxations.
4 Low concentrations of methoctramine (10−8 m) reduced or tended to reduce the EFS-induced contraction, e.g. at 2 Hz by 12% while methoctramine at 10−7 mhad no significant effect. In addition, in the presence of 4-DAMP (10−9 m), which tended to inhibit contractions at all frequencies (2–20 Hz; −17 to −25%), methoctramine at 10−8 and 10−7 minduced a further reduction of the contractile responses (−5 to −10%; 2–20 Hz).
5 The β-adrenergic receptor antagonist propranolol (10−6 m) and the adenosine receptor antagonist 8-p-sulfophenyltheophylline (10−6 m) both increased contractile responses by 9–21% (2–10 Hz, long duration; P < 0.05–0.001) as a consequence of antagonizing relaxatory stimuli. Neither antagonist affected the contractile responses to EFS with the short duration stimulation. Poststimulatory relaxations were reduced by 30–60% (P < 0.05) by propranolol and by 40–60% (P < 0.001) by 8-p-sulfophenyltheophylline, but for 8-p-sulfophenyltheophylline only after stimulation with the short duration.
6 In the presence of methoctramine (10−7 m), the 8-p-sulfophenyltheophylline-induced increases of the contractile response to long duration EFS were significantly enhanced at 10 Hz (+12 ± 4%; P < 0.05), whereas no such enhancement of the propranolol inhibitory effect occurred in the presence of methoctramine. However, poststimulatory β-adrenoceptor-evoked relaxations after short duration EFS were increased by about 35% in the presence of methoctramine, but not those after long duration.
7 Thus, muscarinic M2 receptor activation inhibits adenosine receptor- and β-adrenoceptor-evoked relaxations of the rat detrusor muscle. The inhibition occurs via a transient postjunctional mechanism that mainly affects responses with a short latency.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Pharmacology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Box 431, SE-405 30 Göteborg 2: Department of Surgery, Institute of Surgical Sciences, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, SE-413 45 Göteborg, Sweden
Publication date: 2005-07-01