A NEW WORLD ORDER: THE SPANISH CAMPAIGN FOR PRECEDENCE IN EARLY MODERN EUROPE
Author: Levin, Michael J.
Source: Journal of Early Modern History, Volume 6, Number 3, 2002 , pp. 233-264(32)
Abstract:During the period 1558-1566, a major conflict erupted between Spanish and French ambassadors in Rome over the issue of national and monarchical precedence. This conflict reflected confusion about the transition of power between Charles V and Philip II and, more importantly, Spain's newfound sense of its greatness and destiny in the sixteenth century. Spanish ambassadors waged a propaganda campaign to try to change the accepted ranking of European crowns, with the Spanish Habsburgs moved to the top, but in the end their efforts failed. This failure exposes the limits of Spanish power, especially in Italy, where they have traditionally been considered dominant in this period.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2002-07-01