Skip to main content


Buy Article:

$51.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)



The estrangement between genetic scientists and theologians originating in the 1960s is reflected in novel combinations of human thought (subject) and genes (investigational object), paralleling each other through the universal process known in chaos theory as self-similarity. The clash and recombination of genes and knowledge captures what Philip Hefner refers to as irony, one of four voices he suggests transmit the knowledge and arguments of the religion-and-science debate. When viewed along a tangent connecting irony to leadership, journal dissemination, and the activities of the “public intellectual” and the public at large, the sequence of voices is shown to resemble the passage of genetic information from DNA to mRNA, tRNA, and protein, and from cell nucleus to surrounding environment. In this light, Hefner's inquiry into the voices of Zygon is bound up with the very subject matter Zygon covers.

Keywords: DNA; RNA; cell; chaos; genetics; irony; journal; leadership; meiosis; mitosis; policy making; protein; public; recombination; religion; science; self-similarity; systems theory

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Genomics research area specialist and Dissemination Activities Director in the Center for Public Health and Community Genomics, University of Michigan, 4605 SPH Tower, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109;, Email:

Publication date: June 1, 2010

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more