Skip to main content


Buy Article:

$43.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Almost all admit that there is beauty in the natural world. Many suspect that such beauty is more than an adornment of nature. Few in our contemporary world suggest that this beauty is an empirical principle of the natural world itself and instead relegate beauty to the eye and mind of the beholder. Guided by theological and scientific insight, the authors propose that such exclusion is no longer tenable, at least in the data of modern biology and in our view of the natural world in general. More important, we believe an empirical aesthetics exists that can help guide experimental design and development of computational models in biology. Moreover, because theology and science can both contribute toward and equally profit from such an aesthetics, we propose that this empirical aesthetics provides the foundation for a living synergy between theology and science.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Christopher Alexander; aesthetics; computational models; developmental biology; empirical aesthetics; experimental design; pattern formation in developing tissues; theological aesthetics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Professor of Systematic Theology at the Jesuit School of Theology, 1735 Le Roy Ave., Berkeley, CA 94709;, Email: [email protected] 2: Scholar in Residence at the Jesuit School of Theology, 1735 Le Roy Ave., Berkeley, CA 94709;, Email: [email protected] 3: Group Leader at European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Meyerhofstr. 1, Heidelberg, 69117, Germany;, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: 01 June 2009

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more