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Resolution of the entropy-evolution problem was a significant issue for Pierre Teilhard de Chardin throughout his scientific career. Although never truly satisfied with his solution, he proposed that all energy must be psychic and contain two components. Tangential energy is related to physical energy. Radial energy in some way accounts for increasing complexity and consciousness in evolution. Analysis of developments in thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, and information theory show that Gibbs free energy contains both calorimetric and noetic components, thus validating Teilhard's intuition.

Keywords: and psychic energies; complexification and centrogenesis; entropy and negentropy; free energy; hyperphysics; information; radial; tangential

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9744.2005.00698.x

Affiliations: 1: Clarence Robinson Professor of Biology and Natural Philosophy at George Mason University and former director of the Krasnow Institute for Advanced Study, Fairfax, Virginia 22030;, Email: morowitz@gmu.edu. 2: Fellow at the Woodstock Theological Center, Washington, D.C. 20057-1137.

Publication date: September 1, 2005

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