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Secondary renal tubular acidosis in a Hereford calf

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A 3-month-old Hereford heifer calf was presented for lethargy. Blood gas analysis and plasma biochemical testing revealed severe metabolic acidosis, azotemia, hyponatremia, hyperchloremia, and normal anion gap. Results of a urinalysis were consistent with acute tubular necrosis with inadequate acidification of urine based on the degree of acidemia. Salmonella enterica serovar agona was cultured from both urine and feces. The calf was treated with intravenous polyionic fluids, bicarbonate, and antimicrobials. Acidosis and azotemia resolved, and 4 months following initial presentation the heifer was clinically normal.

Keywords: Bicarbonate; Salmonella; bovine; hyperchloremia; pyelonephritis

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1939-165X.2011.00313.x

Affiliations: Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, WI, USA

Publication date: June 1, 2011

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