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A Spatial Analysis System for Integrating Data, Methods and Models on Environmental Risks and Health Outcomes

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Abstract:

Abstract

Integrating data on health outcomes with methods of disease mapping and spatially explicit models of environmental contaminants are important aspects of environmental health surveillance. In this article, we describe a modular, web-based spatial analysis system that uses GIS, spatial analysis methods and software services delivered over computer networks to achieve this end. The Environmental Health Surveillance System (EHSS) is a prototype system that is designed to serve three purposes: a secure environment for producing maps of disease outcomes from individual-level data while preserving privacy; an automated process of linking environmental data, environmental models, and GIS tasks like geocoding for the purposes of estimating individual exposures to environmental contaminants; and mechanisms to visualize the spatial patterns of disease outcomes via Web-based mapping interfaces and interactive tools like Google Earth.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9671.2010.01220.x

Affiliations: Department of GeographyUniversity of Iowa

Publication date: July 1, 2010

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