What Does ‘GIS’ Mean?

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Many definitions of ‘GIS’ have been proposed, but they are rarely discussed in the peer-reviewed literature. Most definitions in active use have serious limitations. Recent literature includes a variety of proposals to redefine GIS by changing the third word. This paper proposes an extended definition accompanied by a condensed form that contains the key concepts: ‘Geographic Information System (GIS) – Organized activity by which people measure and represent geographic phenomena then transform these representations into other forms while interacting with social structures.’/p>

Document Type: Original Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9671.00014

Affiliations: Department of Geography, University of Washington, Seattle, USA

Publication date: March 1, 1999

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