CHALLENGES TO ACTOR‐ORIENTED ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE: EXAMPLES FROM THREE MEXICAN BIOSPHERE RESERVES
This paper adopts an actor‐oriented approach to identify and conceptualise common challenges to interactive environmental governance in three well‐known Mexican biosphere reserves by analysing stakeholder support or resistance with regard to nature conservation, considering conflicting interests among actors. Certain tools that have recently been applied to establish multi‐actor decision‐making bodies to manage these problems are described and critically evaluated. In‐depth interviews conducted with key actors over a three‐year period show that opposing interests and actions hamper the development of integral and participative governance. Despite earnest attempts to conciliate deep‐rooted conflicts among conservation‐centred actors and other stakeholders interested in capitalising on natural resources for purposes of livelihood and profit, there is still a need for conceptual and strategic advancement to foster the effective and socially balanced management of protected areas in Mexico.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Unidad Iztapalapa, Departamento de Sociología, Av. San Rafael Atlixco 186, Col. Vicentina, C.P. 09340 México, D.F./Mexico. 2: Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, Chair of Geography and Regional Science, Am Hubland, D- 97074 Würzburg/Germany.
Publication date: February 1, 2012