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Commuting in Multi-Nodal Urban Systems: An Empirical Comparison of Three Alternative Models

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This paper analyses whether the basic monocentric model of urban structure and commuting explains actual commuting in Europe, i.e. The Netherlands. As in the USA much wasteful commuting is established. The basic model has a low degree of explanatory power. In order to get more in line with actual commuting, the paper elaborates two alternatives to the basic model. Besides a deconcentrated model, a cross-traffic model is developed. Particularly the latter is quite successful in explaining actual commuting. The paper pleads for endogenising employment and stresses heterogeneity in labour demand and supply.

Document Type: Original Article


Affiliations: Erasmus Centre for Labour Market Analysis – ECLA, Erasmus University Rotterdam, PO Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands., Email:

Publication date: 1998-11-01

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