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Presidential Success in the Realm of Foreign Affairs: Institutional Reform and the Role of House Committees

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This analysis focuses on institutional reform and the House foreign policy committees to assess the resurgent-Congress explanation of presidential success in international affairs between 1953–1998. Method. 

Logit models are used to determine the changing effects on presidential success resulting from the support of chairmen and the president's co-partisans on the foreign policy committees due to the 1970s congressional reforms. Results. 

The analysis illustrates differences in the effects of committee leaders and committee co-partisans on roll-call success before and after the reforms. Also, contrasts are found in the effects of the foreign policy panels that differentially influence presidential success. Conclusion. 

The article offers evidence that the institutional reforms that changed the House policy process from one dominated by committee chairs to one responsive to political parties significantly altered presidential success. These findings emphasize the importance of the changing congressional environment in explaining presidential success in foreign policy.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 September 2003

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