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Historical Changes in the Flood Hazard at Khartoum, Sudan: Lessons and Warnings for the Future

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The 1988 floods at Khartoum were frequently described as “unprecedented”. However, an examination of evidence for floods caused by the Nile and rain storms during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries leads to the conclusion that neither the Nile flood nor the rain storms nor their coincidence in one season were unprecedented and that similar situations will recur.We argue that most problems were created by complacency, lack of planning and mismanagement. We conclude with some simple suggestions for flood amelioration in the future and warn that complacency is the single most important phenomenon likely to recur to the detriment of Greater Khartoum in the future.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Geography, University of Wales Swansea, Swansea, U.K.

Publication date: 1997-12-01

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