Nonmarital Sex and Condom Knowledge among Ethiopian Young People: Improved Estimates Using a Nonverbal Response Card
The accurate assessment of risky sexual behaviors and barriers to condom use is essential to reduce the spread of HIV/AIDS. This study tests a new nonverbal response-card method for obtaining more accurate responses to sensitive questions in the context of face-to-face interviewer-administered questionnaires in a survey of 1,269 Ethiopian young people aged 13–24. Comparisons of responses between a control group that provided verbal responses and an experimental group that used the card indicate that the prevalence of nonmarital sexual intercourse may be two times higher and knowledge of condom access may be 22 percent lower in the study than typical population-survey methods suggest. These results suggest that our nonverbal response-card method yields less biased estimates of risky adolescent sexual behavior and perceived access to condoms than those derived from conventional face-to-face interviewer-administered surveys, and that this method provides an effective, easy-to-use, low-cost alternative.
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Document Type: Research Article
David P. Lindstrom is Professor of Sociology, Population Studies and Training Center, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912.
Tefera Belachew is Professor of Nutrition, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.
Craig Hadley is Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
Megan Klein Hattori is Postdoctoral Research Assistant, Population Studies and Training Center, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912.
Dennis Hogan is Robert E. Turner Distinguished Professor of Population Studies, Population Studies and Training Center, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912.
Fasil Tessema is Associate Professor of Epidemiology, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.
Publication date: 2010-12-01