Circuit optimization via sequential computer experiments: design of an output buffer
Abstract:In electrical engineering, circuit designs are now often optimized via circuit simulation computer models. Typically, many response variables characterize the circuit’s performance. Each response is a function of many input variables, including factors that can be set in the engineering design and noise factors representing manufacturing conditions. We describe a modelling approach which is appropriate for the simulator’s deterministic input–output relationships. Non-linearities and interactions are identified without explicit assumptions about the functional form. These models lead to predictors to guide the reduction of the ranges of the designable factors in a sequence of experiments. Ultimately, the predictors are used to optimize the engineering design. We also show how a visualization of the fitted relationships facilitates an understanding of the engineering trade-offs between responses. The example used to demonstrate these methods, the design of a buffer circuit, has multiple targets for the responses, representing different trade-offs between the key performance measures.
Document Type: Original Article
Affiliations: 1: Intel Corporation, Hillsboro, USA, 2: Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, USA, 3: Intel Corporation, Santa Clara, USA, 4: National Institute of Statistical Sciences, Research Triangle Park, USA, 5: University of Waterloo, Canada
Publication date: January 1, 1998