Skip to main content

Covariate selection for estimating the causal effect of control plans by using causal diagrams

Buy Article:

$43.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Consider a case where cause–effect relationships between variables can be described by a causal path diagram and the corresponding linear structural equation model. The paper proposes a graphical selection criterion for covariates to estimate the causal effect of a control plan. For designing the control plan, it is essential to determine both covariates that are used for control and covariates that are used for identification. The selection of covariates used for control is only constrained by the requirement that the covariates be non-descendants of a treatment variable. However, the selection of covariates used for identification is dependent on the selection of covariates used for control and is not unique. In the paper, the difference between covariates that are used for identification is evaluated on the basis of the asymptotic variance of the estimated causal effect of an effective control plan. Furthermore, the results can be also described in terms of a graph structure.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Back-door criterion; Conditional plan; Optimal plan; Regression model; Total effect; Unconditional plan

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan

Publication date: 2003-02-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more