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Modelling the effect of pupil mobility on school differences in educational achievement

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Summary. 

The recently introduced national pupil database in England allows the tracking of every child through the compulsory phases of the state education system. The data from key stage 2 for three local education authorities are studied, following cohorts of pupils through their schooling. The mobility of pupils among schools is studied in detail by using multiple-membership multilevel models that include prior achievement and other predictors and the results are compared with traditional ‘value-added’ approaches that ignore pupil mobility. The analysis also includes a cross-classification of junior and infant schools attended. The results suggest that some existing conclusions about schooling effects may need to be revised.
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Keywords: Cross-classified model; Educational attainment; Mobility; Multilevel model; Multiple-membership model; National pupil database; Pupil level annual school census; Random effects; School effectiveness; Value added; Variance components

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: University of Bristol, UK

Publication date: 2007-10-01

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