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Dynamic Financial Analysis: Classification, Conception, and Implementation

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Dynamic financial analysis (DFA) models an insurance company's cash flow in order to forecast assets, liabilities, and ruin probabilities, as well as full balance sheets for different scenarios. In the past years DFA has become an important tool for the analysis of an insurance company's financial situation. In particular, it is a valuable instrument for solvency control, which is now becoming important as regulators encourage insurance companies to determine risk-based capital using internal risk management models. This article considers three aspects: First, we discuss the reasons why DFA is of special importance today. Second, we classify DFA in the context of asset liability management and analyze its fundamental concepts. As a result, we identify several implementation problems that have not yet been adequately considered in the literature, and therefore our third aspect is a discussion of these areas. In particular we consider the generation of random numbers and the modeling of nonlinear dependences in a DFA framework.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Martin Eling ( ) and Thomas Parnitzke (e-mail: are both with the University of St. Gallen, Institute of Insurance Economics, Kirchli-strasse 2, 9010 St. Gallen, Switzerland., Email:

Publication date: March 1, 2007

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