Books reviewed: K. J. P. Lowe (ed.) Cultural Links between Portugal and Italy in the Renaissance. Catherine E. King Renaissance Women Patrons. Wives and Widows in Italy c. 1300–1550. F. Akkerman, A. J. Vanderjagt and A. H. van der Laan (eds) Northern Humanism in European Context, 1469–1625: From the ‘Adwert Academy’ to Ubbo Emmius Cristelle L. Baskins Cassone Painting, Humanism, and Gender in Early Modern Italy. Christle Collins Judd Reading Renaissance Music Theory. Hearing with the Eyes. Peter N. Miller Peiresc's Europe. Learning & Virtue in the Seventeenth Century. Ronald W. Truman Spanish Treatises on Government, Society and Religion in the Time of Philip II. The ‘de regimine principum’ and the Associated Traditions.