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Sir John Hawkwood and the English Condottieri in Trecento Italy

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The career of Sir John Hawkwood (?–1394) was an extraordinary one, and his role as captain-general of the army of the Florentine Republic is to this day commemorated in a fresco by Uccello in Santa Maria del Fiore. Having been originally recruited for Edward III's French Wars, he never left Italy after 1362, and as well as fighting on his own account he served as commanding officer in the armies of Pisa, Milan, the pope, and Florence, where he remained for the last 14 years of his life. This essay examines how Hawkwood was so successful and in demand as a condottiere during the latter half of his life.

Keywords: England; Florence; Hawkwood, Sir John; Italy; Military history

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: March 1, 1998


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