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There are clear parallels between the English and Spanish royal courts in the late 15th century, not least in their dependence on the Burgundian model, and cultural developments at the courts of the Catholic Monarchs show a related debt, notably in the musical sphere. The importance of ambassadorial visits to Spain, such as that of English and Burgundian delegations in 1489, organized according to a Burgundian protocol, produced contact between northen cultural trends and indigenous culture and stimulated artistic and scholarly rivalry. Musical developments fitted broadly into the pattern of a predominantly northern, Franco-Flemish influence; musicians were recruited from the north and often stayed on, and such contacts provided the opportunity on both sides for hearing and learning new music. The Hapsburg alliance of the 1490s also served to disseminate Franco-Flemish techniques of composition.