The Contenance Angloise: English Influence on Continental Composers of the Fifteenth Century
English music had an extraordinary diffusion around the continent and especially in Italian manuscripts during the first half of the 15th century, as bear witness the two largest collections of Aosta and Modena, but it is not clear that this signifies a precise and suddenly-assimilated influence. The characteristics of English music can easily be found already in southern Italy. English influence was probably assimilated more gradually than has hitherto been suggested, perhaps via the peripatetic Guillaume Dufay, and this is borne out by a study of the musical stanzas of Martin Le Franc's Le Champion des dames (1438–1442) and Johannes Tinctoris's comments upon them (1470s).
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