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Firms' open innovation policies, laboratories' external collaborations, and laboratories' R&D performance

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Abstract:

The value of the open innovation approach is now widely recognized, and the practice has been extensively researched, but still very little is known about the relative impact of firm-level and laboratory-level open innovation policies and practices on R&D performance. This study attempts to measure that impact by analyzing a sample of 203 laboratories of Japanese firms located in Japan. It examines simultaneously the effects of firm-level open innovation policy and laboratory-level external collaborations on laboratory R&D performance. The study aims to go beyond a general understanding of the importance of open innovation; it shows how an open innovation policy can have a positive and significant effect on collaborations between a laboratory and local universities or business organizations. The results also show how an open innovation policy can contribute to the laboratory's R&D performance by facilitating external collaborations by the laboratories. It demonstrates how these factors affect R&D performance in different ways, depending on the type of R&D tasks. Our findings suggest several theoretical and practical implications in the field of R&D management.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9310.2010.00598.x

Affiliations: 1: Graduate School of Business Administration, Keio University, 4-1-1 Hiyoshi, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama 223-8526, Japan. ; nakamura@kbs.keio.ac.jp, Email: asakawa@kbs.keio.ac.jp 2: International College of Arts and Sciences, Yokohama City University, 22-2 Seto, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-0027, Japan., Email: sawada@yokohama-cu.ac.jp

Publication date: March 1, 2010

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