The commercialization of user innovations: the development of the rodeo kayak industry
Author: Hienerth, Christoph
Source: R&D Management, Volume 36, Number 3, June 2006 , pp. 273-294(22)
Abstract:In this study, we analyze the commercialization process of user innovations in open communities. We have traced 16 cases of user innovators who have commercialized their own innovations or have been involved in the commercialization process to some extent. By developing and manufacturing new products, the user innovators in our sample created a fast-growing community. They used low-cost manufacturing techniques and were able to start a new industry before established manufacturers could enter the market. The transformation process from a user innovation community to a commercial and manufacturing community brought about a number of major changes. In this paper, we track those changes as: the motives for innovating, the community size and characteristics, the type of innovation, the type of assistance and the disclosure of information, the form of communication, and competition between innovating users.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Institute for Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration, Nordbergstr. 15, A-1090 Vienna, Austria , Email: Christoph.Hienerth@wu-wien.ac.at
Publication date: June 2006