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Content validation of a measure of R&D effectiveness

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The overall purpose of this paper is to analyse the content validity of a tool for measuring research and development (R&D) effectiveness in industry using an approach known as scale or construct validation.

Since a large number of indicators is needed in order to measure this concept, and it is often difficult to find qualitative measures that would provide more information than quantitative measures or purely numerical magnitudes, we have constructed a scale that enables us to create a multiindicator to measure R&D inputs, processes, outputs and results. This multiindicator also enables us to group together all the relevant data obtained from the R&D management literature, which we then validate by consulting the opinion of experts from two firms that are very active in R&D and we have consulted two more nationally recognized Spanish researchers on R&D.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Facultad de ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Departamento de Economía de la Empresa, University of Cádiz, c/ Duque de Nájera, 8, 11002 Cádiz, Spain , Email:

Publication date: 2005-06-01

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