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Chinese R&D: naissance, renaissance, or mirage?

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China's re-emergence has been treated mostly from economic and political standpoints. This article integrates these perspectives with a review of China's modern history of research and development (R&D). It starts with a brief retrospective of China's efforts in science and technology before the reforms of 1978. It then discusses China's principle R&D issues in the early 1980s and the most significant results of 20 years of rapid industrialization. Based on this historic review and a wide literature analysis, some observations are made about China's R&D capabilities in the first years of the new millennium as well as what challenges may still lie ahead for China before becoming a leading source of scientific and technological innovation.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: IMD,Lausanne, Switzerland 2: Research Center for Technological Innovation, School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing, P.R. China

Publication date: September 1, 2004


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