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The development of co–innovation strategies: stages and interaction patterns in interfirm innovation

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Organizations that choose or are forced to innovate in co–operation with other organizations, go through four stages of co–innovation strategy development. The stages are successively: (I) autonomous strategy making: organizations develop strategies on their own, (II) co–operative strategy making: organizations concentrate on developing innovation strategies in close co–operation with other organizations, (III) founding an organization for co–innovation: organizations found a joint organization in which they develop co–innovation programs, and (IV) realization of innovations: organizations develop innovations, based on the co–innovation strategies and programs. The description of the stages is based on an interfirm network approach and a research project in the Dutch construction industry. The stage model can be a guideline for organizations that participate in co–innovation processes and have to decide how and with whom they co–innovate.

Document Type: Original Article


Affiliations: Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Publication date: 2002-09-01

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