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The relative importance of project success dimensions

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Abstract:

Traditionally, the success of a project is assessed using internal measures such as technical and operational goals, and meeting schedule and budget. More recently, it has been recognized that several other measures should be used to define project success. These measures reflect external effectiveness: the project's impact on its customers, and on the developing organization itself.

In our study of 110 defense projects performed by Israeli industry, we used a multidimensional approach to measure the success of defense projects. Based on previous studies, we defined four dimensions of success: meeting design goals; benefits to the customer; benefits to the developing organization; and benefits to the defense and national infrastructure. For each project, we asked three different stakeholders (the customer, the developing organization, and the coordinating office within the Ministry of Defense) for their views on the relative importance of these dimensions of success. Analysis of the data revealed that the dimension benefits to the customer is by far the most important success dimension. The second in importance is meeting design goals. The other two dimensions are relatively unimportant.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9310.00047

Affiliations: 1: Faculty of Management, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel, 2: Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, NJ 07030, USA

Publication date: April 1, 1997

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