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Planning for El Niño: The Stages of Natural Hazard Mitigation and Preparation

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This study examines mitigation and preparation activities selected by four county and state governments in anticipation of the 1997–1998 El Niño. It expands the knowledge of how state and local governments plan short-term projects and mitigate with longer-term activities in anticipation of a natural hazard. It also provides a preliminary understanding of divergent responses and plans under similar disaster warnings. It outlines stages that governments follow in determining their natural hazard mitigation and preparedness activities. This model should provide hazard planners, particularly those planning for slower onset hazards, with insights into their own local circumstances, allowing them to choose appropriate strategies.

Keywords: El Niño; mitigation; natural hazard; preparation

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Publication date: 2004-05-01

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