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A Simplified Basin Model For Simulating Runoff: The Struma River GIS

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A GIS-based distributed-parameter runoff simulation model for the Struma River Basin in southwestern Bulgaria calculates the monthly snow/rain proportion, direct or surface runoff, snow cover and snowmelt, soil moisture, evapotranspiration, and total runoff. Simulation during the Bulgarian hydrologic year from November to October was compared with observed runoff data. The model closely replicates mean monthly runoff from climate conditions during the years 1961 –1990 as well as specific years. The simplified GIS model simulates hydrologic processes under limited data availability.

Keywords: Bulgaria; geographical information systems; hydrological model; runoff; simulation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/0033-0124.00303

Affiliations: 1: The Pennsylvania State University, 2: Penn State Altoona, 3: Stara Zagora, Bulgaria

Publication date: November 1, 2001

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