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A strip adjustment procedure to mitigate the impact of inaccurate mounting parameters in parallel lidar strips

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Lidar (laser scanning) technology has been proven as a prominent technique for the acquisition of high-density and accurate topographic information. Because of systematic errors in the lidar measurements (drifts in the position and orientation information and biases in the mirror angles and ranges) and/or in the parameters relating the system components (mounting parameters), adjacent lidar strips may exhibit discrepancies. Although position and orientation drifts can have a more significant impact, these errors and their impact do not come as a surprise if the quality of the GPS/INS integration process is carefully examined. Therefore, the mounting errors are singled out in this work. The ideal solution for improving the compatibility of neighbouring strips in the presence of errors in the mounting parameters is the implementation of a rigorous calibration procedure. However, such a calibration requires the original observations, which may not be usually available. In this paper, a strip adjustment procedure to improve the compatibility between parallel lidar strips with moderate flight dynamics (for example, acquired by a fixed-wing aircraft) over an area with moderately varying elevation is proposed. The proposed method is similar to the photogrammetric block adjustment of independent models. Instead of point features, planar patches and linear features, which are represented by sets of non-conjugate points, are used for the strip adjustment. The feasibility and the performance of the proposed procedure together with its impact on subsequent activities are illustrated using experimental results from real data.
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Keywords: lidar; linear features; mounting errors; planar patches; strip adjustment

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: ( ), Email: [email protected] 2: ( ), Email: [email protected] 3: ( ), Email: [email protected] 4: ( ), Email: [email protected] 5: ( )University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada“Authors' Addresses”, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: 2009-06-01

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