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Optimising the accuracy of a low-cost photogrammetric motion study system

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Abstract

Generally, a low-cost image-based motion study system consists of a set of two or more video imaging cameras and a set of object space control targets. The control targets are required to provide for the computation of exterior parameters of the video frames of objects in motion. Subsequently, the computed exterior orientation parameters are used to compute the position of the motion targets. In general, the accuracy of the motion data is dependent largely on the accuracy of the 3D coordinates of the control targets, the computed camera and lens parameters and the frame rate of the camera. Obviously, it is difficult to improve the frame rate of a low-cost camera; however, the other factors may be optimised analytically. Optimising the accuracy of the control targets is a straightforward process and is discussed briefly in the paper. Optimising the computed camera and lens parameters was the main focus of the research. Consequently, the paper provides the detail of the developed optimising technique. The results show that an optimal principal distance and other lens parameters can be determined by analysing the error of a set of highly accurate object distances. The evaluation shows that the accuracy of the video motion study system can be improved by as much as six times or a reduction of scaling error from 1·06 to 1·01.
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Keywords: camera calibration; motion study; photogrammetry

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: ( ) University of Otago, New Zealand, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: 01 December 2004

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