The Application Of Short-Range 3d Laser Scanning For Archaeological Replica Production: The Egyptian Tomb Of Seti I
High-resolution 3D laser scanning in combination with industrial fabrication techniques can be used to make accurate replicas for the heritage sector. Copies may have a reputation for being inferior to the original, but by using digital technology very convincing results can be achieved to a resolution of a fraction of a millimetre. Replicas of caves at Lascaux and Altamira have already been used to help protect the original sites from the risks posed by heavy visitor numbers. Now the same principle is to be applied to the tomb of Seti I in the Valley of the Kings, Egypt. A pilot project was undertaken to produce a full-sized replica of a 16 m2 section of the burial chamber of the tomb. The aim was to use laser scanning and digital photography to record the tomb at the highest possible resolution, then to output the data as a 3D relief using industrial routing techniques. Finally, the relief was printed in full colour. This paper describes the production of the replica including a description of the Seti Scanner, the laser scanning system specifically designed for this project.