Digital Surface Modelling by Airborne Laser Scanning and Digital Photogrammetry for Glacier Monitoring

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Abstract:

The research described in this paper is part of a Swiss National Science Foundation project on ”Mass Balance Determination of Glaciers with the Use of State-of-the-art Remote Sensing Methods and a Numerical Flow Model”. The remote sensing methods involve automated processing of aerial images and laser scanning and aim to produce glacier surface models with an accuracy of about 0.5 to 1m over time periods of 1 to 5 years. The Unteraar glacier, in Switzerland, has been chosen to test both methods, because it has been extensively studied by glaciologists. The results from laser scanning and digital photogrammetry were evaluated by comparison with accurate manual measurements from an analytical plotter. Various aspects of the laser data processing are discussed, such as system description, position and attitude determination, transformation to the Swiss map coordinate system, fit of overlapping laser strips and problems encountered. Three digital photogrammetric systems (Match-T, LHS DPW770 and VirtuoZo) were used for surface model generation using image matching. The different matching algorithms and strategies, the matching problems that occurred, for example, due to low texture, shadows, or steep slopes, and a quantitative and qualitative evaluation of the results are presented. Finally, a comparison is given between photogrammetry and laser scanning regarding accuracy and point density.

Keywords: change detection; digital photogrammetric station; digital surface model; glacier monitoring; image matching; laser scanning; multi-sensor integration

Document Type: Original Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/0031-868X.00182

Affiliations: 1: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich manos@geod.baug.ethz.ch 2: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich favey@ublox.com 3: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich bauder@vaw.baug.ethz.ch 4: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich boesch@vaw.baug.ethz.ch 5: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich maria@geod.baug.ethz.ch

Publication date: October 1, 2001

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