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Integrated Water Resources Management: From general principles to its implementation by the state. The case of Burkina Faso

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Abstract

In 2000, the Global Water Partnership (GWP) as the main advocate of the concept of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM), proposed a definition that is now the reference, despite the ambiguity that persists in its interpretation. At the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development, the State representatives committed themselves to launch “plans for integrated water resources management and water efficiency by 2005”. Some states immediately honoured this commitment by adopting new national water policies inspired by IWRM principles. Do these implementation plans respond to all the challenges of the IWRM? Or have these states simply reorganized their water resource policies to give an impression of conforming to the framework? In response to these questions, we present a history of IWRM and its conflicting interpretations followed by a case study of reforms enacted in Burkina Faso, to highlight some problems which are inherent to IWRM and how IWRM was transposed on a national scale.
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Keywords: Burkina Faso; Integrated Water Resources Management; Public policies

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Centre EREIA, Université d’Artois in Arras, France 2: LEREPS, Université Toulouse 1/Dynamiques rurales, Université Toulouse 2 in Toulouse, France

Publication date: 2009-02-01

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