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From climate change impacts to adaptation: A development perspective for India

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Abstract

India has good reasons to be concerned about climate change as it could adversely affect the achievement of vital national development goals related to socio-economic development, human welfare, health, energy availability and use, and infrastructure. The paper attempts to develop a framework for integrated impact assessment and adaptation responses, using a recently built railroad coastal infrastructure asset in India as an example. The framework links climate change variables — temperature, rainfall, sea level rise, extreme events, and other secondary variables — and sustainable development variables — technology, institutions, economic, and other policies. The study indicates that sustainable development variables generally reduce the adverse impacts on the system due to climate change alone, except when they are inadequately applied. The paper concludes that development is a vital variable for integrated impact assessment. Well crafted developmental policies could result in a less-GHG intensive future, enhanced adaptive capacities of communities and systems, and lower impacts due to climate change.
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Keywords: Adaptation; Climate change; Impact assessment; Infrastructure vulnerability; Sustainable development

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: UNEP Risoe Centre, Denmark 2: public Systems Group, Indian Institute Of Management, Ahmedabad, India 3: Department of Architecture and Planning, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, India

Publication date: 01 May 2007

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