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Review, development and monitoring of national sustainable development strategies in Ghana

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Agenda 21 requires that countries adopt ‘national sustainable development strategies’ (NSDS), and this has been emphasized in several international commitments. Ghana has contributed to the methodology for peer review of such national strategies, as well as to guidelines designed by OECD and the United Nations for the NSDS process. Ghana has also adopted mechanisms to manage its own development planning in a sustainable manner. This article highlights various types of frameworks for sustainable development currently operating in Ghana, and considers to what extent they conform to NSDS principles. The article concludes that Ghana has made progress in several ways, but faces some of the same challenges as other countries in adhering to sustainability principles. The article offers recommendations as to how Ghana can achieve sustainable development.

The article is an independent assessment by the author, who has also formulated most of the recommendations, except where otherwise indicated.

Keywords: Coordinated socio-economic development; Coordination; Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy; Intergenerational equity; Learning and improvement; Monitoring; National Development Planning Commission; National sustainable development strategy; Participation; Policy integration; Strategy frameworks

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Devcourt Ltd., PO Box CT 1481, Accra.

Publication date: May 1, 2006


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