Skip to main content

Towards sustainable development? The evolution of environmental policy in Malaysia

Buy Article:

$51.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)



Over the last five decades, Malaysia has undergone rapid economic, social and environmental change, a process which is still continuing. The pursuit of socio-economic progress has been accompanied by an unprecedented rate of change in the natural environment. In parallel to this development, governmental responses have also adapted over time to address emerging environmental situations. This article views the recent history of Malaysia's evolving policy response to development needs and environmental change as consisting of four distinct stages. Despite an impressive array of policy statements and strategies to implement sustainable development, many challenges remain today. A clear articulation of normative principles of sustainable development is of paramount importance, as is the monumental task of policy implementation. The article argues that the trajectory of Malaysia's policy on natural resources and environmental issues bears the characteristics of path-dependent evolution.

Keywords: Environmental law; Environmental policy; Malaysia; Path-dependency; Sustainable development

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: A. A. Hezri is Asian Public Intellectual Fellow, Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies, The Australian National University., Email: 2: Mohd. Nordin Hasan is Emeritus Professor and Fellow, Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)., Email:

Publication date: 2006-02-01

  • Access Key
  • Free ContentFree content
  • Partial Free ContentPartial Free content
  • New ContentNew content
  • Open Access ContentOpen access content
  • Partial Open Access ContentPartial Open access content
  • Subscribed ContentSubscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed ContentPartial Subscribed content
  • Free Trial ContentFree trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more