EMPLOYER SIZE, WAGES AND UNOBSERVED SKILLS: EVIDENCE FROM MOONLIGHTERS IN THE UK
Abstract:In this paper we examine the labour quality explanation of the employer size–wage gap: larger firms pay higher wages because they employ more skilled workers. Most previous studies control for unobserved skills of workers by applying the fixed-effects estimator to longitudinal data, thus assuming time-invariant unobserved individual heterogeneity. We release this assumption by using a sample of moonlighters; hence, identification is achieved by differencing across two jobs held simultaneously rather than sequentially. Using the UK Quarterly Labour Force Survey, we find that controlling for unobserved skills in the sample of moonlighters does not reduce the estimate of the wage gap.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: IZA, DIW-Berlin and St. Petersburg University Graduate School of Management
Publication date: December 1, 2009