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Videoconferencing in Criminal Proceedings: Legal and Empirical Issues and Directions for Research

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State and federal courts are increasingly using videoconferencing to hold proceedings in criminal cases, including first appearances and arraignments. However, little systematic information is available about the extent of its use, the proceedings for which it is used, how it is implemented, and, most importantly, whether videoconferencing affects the behavior or perceptions of participants in a way that violates a defendant's fundamental rights. In this article we review the legal and empirical issues raised by the use of videoconferencing in criminal cases and describe empirical research that could and, we argue, should, inform policy decisions concerning its use.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Federal Judicial Center

Publication date: April 1, 2006

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