Local Labor Markets and Occupational Sex Segregation in an American Metropolis
This study analyzes the reciprocal relationships between place and labor market segmentation by focusing on occupational sex segregation in Minneapolis–St. Paul. On the one hand, employment maps confirm that segmentation produces distinctive places: The slotting of women and men into different lines of work inscribes fine-grained spatial labor submarkets in different parts of the metropolis. On the other hand, logistic regression analyses confirm that place matters in segmentation processes: Workplace location significantly influences the likelihood of occupational sex segregation even after controlling for human capital and residential location factors. Occupational desegregation has advanced most rapidly with the emergence of new opportunities in suburban growth corridors. Continued suburban expansion and industrial restructuring promise increasing complexity of spatial mismatch and spatial segmentation and demand that employment policy incorporate issues of space, place, and scale.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Geography and Center for Urban Policy Research, Rutgers University
Publication date: 2000-09-01