Mystical Experience Among Tibetan Buddhists: The Common Core Thesis Revisited

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Abstract:

In the study of mysticism the debate has centered on whether a universal experiential core exists regardless of religious interpretation. The current investigation combines Jamesian empiricist and social constructivist perspectives to argue that stable experiential facets load variously on factors to construct local interpretations. Local interpretations reflect a family resemblance—a mystical common core experienced across cultures. Results of confirmatory factor analyses, based on data from 240 Tibetan Buddhist adults, suggest statistical model fit and superiority for the three-factor model compared to the unidimensional model. Pure experience can be distinguished explicitly from its context-specific hermeneutical construal.

Keywords: Mysticism Scale; Tibetan Buddhists; common core thesis; social constructivism

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5906.2011.01570.x

Affiliations: 1: Department of PsychologyUniversity of Tennessee at Chattanooga 2: Department of Religious StudiesSouthwest University for Nationalities

Publication date: June 1, 2011

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