Skip to main content

History, Community Milieu, and Christian-Muslim Differentials in Contraceptive Use in Sub-Saharan Africa

Buy Article:

$51.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


In the globalization discourse, Christianity and Islam are often construed as representing two traditions that are conflicted and incompatible. This study engages the “clash of civilizations” discourse by examining Muslim-Christian differentials in the use of modern contraception in Nigeria, where Christians have a much higher contraceptive prevalence, and Tanzania, where Muslims are somewhat more likely to use contraception. Employing data from six nationally representative surveys conducted in the two countries between 1990 and 2004 and multilevel logistic regression, we find that the effects of religion remain strong but operate largely through the community religious milieu. Contraceptive use tends to be highest in religiously mixed areas, but the “optimal” religious makeup differs between the two nations, reflecting the historically shaped configurations of their religious expressions and politics.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: School of Social and Family Dynamics Arizona State University

Publication date: September 1, 2009


Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more