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Estimating the Religious Composition of All Nations: An Empirical Assessment of the World Christian Database

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Abstract:

The international religious data in the World Christian Database (WCD), and its print predecessor, the World Christian Encyclopedia ( WCE) have been used frequently in academic studies and the popular press. Scholars have raised questions about the WCD's estimates categories, and potential bias, but the data have not yet been systematically assessed. We test the reliability of the WCD by comparing its religious composition estimates to four other data sources (World Values Survey, Pew Global Assessment Project, CIA World Factbook, and the U.S. Department of State), finding that estimates are highly correlated. In comparing the WCD estimates for Islamic countries and American Christian adherents with local data sources, we identify specific groups for which estimates differ. In addition, we discuss countries where the data sets provide inconsistent religious estimates. Religious composition estimates in the WCD are generally plausible and consistent with other data sets. The WCD also includes comprehensive nonreligious data. Recommendations regarding the use of the WCD are given.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5906.2008.00435.x

Affiliations: 1: Becky Hsu is a Doctoral Candidate in the Department of Sociology at Princeton University, NJ. 2: Amy Reynolds is a Doctoral Candidate in the Department of Sociology at Princeton University, NJ 08544., Email: areyno@princeton.edu 3: Conrad Hackett is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow in the Population Research Center at the University of Texas at Austin, TX 78712., Email: conradhackett@gmail.com 4: James Gibbon is a Doctoral Candidate in the Department of Sociology at Princeton University, NJ 08544., Email: jgibbon@princeton.edu

Publication date: 2008-12-01

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