We surveyed low-income urban adolescents about their total exposure to urban stressors and their use of religious coping resources, specifically in the areas of social support, spiritual support, and community service opportunities provided by their congregations. Additionally, we assessed their current levels of depressive symptomatology. Among females, the relationship between stress and depressive symptoms was moderated by the use of spiritual support and community service opportunities. The moderating relationship was such that at low levels of stress, high usage of these resources protected against the development of depressive symptoms. At high levels of stress, however, the protective relationship was lost. Lastly, when the social support aspects of religious coping were statistically controlled, the moderation effect disappeared, suggesting that within this sample, the social support seeking aspects of the resources, rather than their religious nature, was responsible for the effects.
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Document Type: Research Article
Russell A. Carleton, Patricia Esparza, and Peter J. Thaxter are all currently Ph.D. students in clinical psychology at DePaul University. ; [email protected], Email: [email protected]
Dr. Kathryn Grant is Professor of Clinical Psychology and Director of Clinical Training at DePaul University., Email: [email protected]
Publication date: 01 March 2008