Skip to main content

Religious Orientation and the Experience of Eid-ul-Azha Among Pakistani Muslims

Buy Article:

$51.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Measures of religious orientation were used to predict the experience of Pakistani Muslims during Eid-ul-Azha, a celebration that marks the end of the Haj. Participants displayed varying degrees of correlation of the intrinsic, extrinsic-personal, and extrinsic-social orientations with interest, affect, and work-related responsibility variables during the Eid holiday. Gender differences appeared in that religious orientations were more predictive of the male Eid-ul-Azha experience, but these measures usefully clarified the religious commitments of women as well. As expected, the intrinsic orientation proved to be an especially noteworthy index of religious adjustment, and the extrinsic-social orientation was significantly lower than the other two motivations. These data demonstrated once again that religious orientation constructs developed in the West might serve as a useful point of departure for understanding the psychology of Muslim religion.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Ziasma Haneef Khan is Lecturer of Psychology at the University of Karachi, Pakistan. 2: P. J. Watson is Professor of Psychology, Psychology Department #2803, 350 Holt Hall—615 McCallie, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, Chattanooga, TN 37403., Email:

Publication date: December 1, 2004

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more