A SEARCH FOR MULTIPLE EQUILIBRIA IN URBAN INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURE
Theories featuring multiple equilibria are widespread across economics. Yet little empirical work has asked if multiple equilibria are features of real economies. We examine this in the context of the Allied bombing of Japanese cities and industries in World War II. We develop a new empirical test for multiple equilibria and apply it to data for 114 Japanese cities in eight manufacturing industries. The data provide no support for the existence of multiple equilibria. In the aftermath even of immense shocks, a city typically recovers not only its population and its share of aggregate manufacturing, but even the industries it had before.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Economics, Columbia University and NBER, 420 W. 118th St. MC 3308, New York, NY 10027. 2: Department of Economics, Columbia University and NBER, 420 W. 118th St. MC 3308, New York, NY 10027., Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date: February 1, 2008